If you’re taking a Psychology 101 course (or it might be called something else where you are), I suggest looking and trying to answer these questions, especially if you’re having a midterm/final soon like I am. I’m working with the textbook Frontiers and Applications 4th edition. I believe it’s Canadian too, lol.
Also, it wouldn’t hurt to jot down definitions for things like the myelin sheath and so on.
No, I’m not asking for help, I’ve already answered them, take them as you will.
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- Name and describe the structural components of a neuron that allows communication between neurons, and describe the steps involved in chemical communication between neurons.
- Identify the roles of neurotransmitters and disorders associated with their malfunctioning.
- Describe the different divisions of the peripheral nervous system.
- Describe the methods used by scientists to study the brain and brain-behaviour relations, and identify any strengths and limitations of each.
- Name and describe the function of the major structures in the hindbrain, midbrain, and forebrain, including the major functions of the lobes of the cerebral cortex.
- Describe the role of the corpus callosum and how split brain studies illustrate lateralization of function.
- Describe neural plasticity in relation to brain development and recovery from brain damage.
- Describe how genes influence behaviour including dominant, recessive, or polygenetic effects.
- Define heritability and explain the different procedures that are used to study heritable influences on behaviour. Describe any limitations of these approaches.
- Describe the influence of genes on intelligence and personality, including how heredity and the environment interact.
- Describe how evolutionary psychologists use both remote and proximate factors to explain behavioural phenomena.
- Describe what is meant by parental investment, including how parental investment helps to explain differences in mating systems and differences in physical size between the sexes.
- Describe how an evolutionary analysis explains differences and similarities between male and female mate preferences.
- Explain prosocial behaviours (altruism, cooperation) and aggression from an evolutionary perspective.
- Explain some of the common errors and misinterpretations that are made from an evolutionary perspective.
- Define the processes of sensation and perception, and discuss how these processes work together.
- Define psychophysics and describe absolute threshold, difference threshold, sensory adaptation and signal detection methods of detecting stimuli.
- Identify and describe the structures of the human sensory organs, as well as the functions of these structures in the processes of vision, hearing, taste, olfaction, tactile and body senses.
- Contrast bottom-up and top-down processing in perception.
- Define selective attention and explain why it is important in perception.
- Describe and recognize examples of Gestalt principles of perceptual organization.
- Describe the role of perceptual schemas, perceptual sets, and perceptual constancies in detecting stimuli.
- Describe and recognize monocular and binocular depth cues and cues for movement, as well as how these are involved in creating visual illusions.
- Define the characteristics of consciousness and describe how it is measured.
- Identify and describe the brain structures involved in maintaining circadian rhythms.
- Describe conditions associated with disruptions of circadian rhythms and interventions used to treat them.
- Differentiate the different stages of sleep based on patterns of brain waves and the types of mental events that occur during the different sleep stages.
- Identify the symptoms and potential causes of insomnia, narcolepsy, REM-sleep behaviour disorder, sleepwalking, nightmares, night terrors, and sleep apnea.
- Describe the different theories regarding the function(s) of sleep and the function(s) of dreaming.
- Describe and give examples of the basic drug effects including agonist and antagonist effects, tolerance, withdrawal and dependence.
- Recognize examples and describe the effect upon the nervous system and behaviour of the major classes of drugs: depressants, stimulants, opiates, hallucinogens, and marijuana.